For this latest blog I have my soon to be ex-colleague (Splitter!) Luke ‘Maximo Park’ Johnson to thank. He asked me a question with regard to SAP Data Services which has always bugged me but that I have never managed to resolve, A quick google search on my part confirmed my previous line with regard to this issue and I left it at that, he sent me a link sometime later which I investigated which contained a nugget that had thus far eluded me. So I investigated and his nugget became fully a fledged gold bar. I therefore decided to blog this in order that others may benefit from this knowledge…. and I won’t forget!
So, what exactly was this problem? The question he asked me was ‘Why does Data Services create all of its tables within the data store with an upper case name. This has been my biggest gripe by far (apart from the god awful SQL that gets generated!) because being an everyday human being we use shortcuts for everything, consciously and subconsciously. Let’s step back a little to step forward…. When I create a database table dealing with Product Derivations I have a few ways I can do this, I could use the following names:-
Product Derivations Product_Derivations ProductDerivations
Its very much a matter of taste of course but as I have an abundance of taste I would always use the latter of these options! Why? Well option 1 with its embedded space means that when it comes to using SQL (which is an environment I live extensibily in) you would have to use  or “” around every table name which is just hideous and more more more work
SELECT * FROM “Product Derivations”
SELECT * FROM [Product Derivations]
Eugh… So option 2 is definitely less work as regards to these extra characters but I left visual basic behind a long time ago. To be perfectly honest it’s just amateurish and doesn’t really aid in the readability, all those silly little underscores which to me break just serve to the message up
SELECT * FROM Product_Derivations
No, I would use the final Camel Case option every time, it says exactly what it needs to and no more nor no less. Data Services, however, gets in the way of this as out of the box (and seemingly until today) it creates all Template Tables fully upper case which is just a bit of a car crash…Wait, I hear you say, surely it doesn’t matter? But actually, it really really does… It all goes back to those shortcuts that we subconsciously do. I have read a LOT of words in my lifetime, many many millions I suspect and I know for a fact that not one of us reads every single letter in a word before arriving at ‘the word’ unless we are just learning that word or training our brains like children do. In general terms we just don’t work like that, we shortcut using context and we also shortcut using word shapes the word ‘balloon’ looks a lot different to the word ‘battlestation’ and we see that shape pretty much instantly. When I am therefore looking through a list of potentially hundreds of database tables, all beginning with P, my eyes are scanning for all of those that start with a shape like ‘Product’ and then once that shape has been recognised the rest of ‘the word’ will also be matched meaning that matching the words ‘ProductDerivation’ is a far easier job than it otherwise would have been.
What happens though if we take the case sensitivity out of the equation?
I’m sure you’ll all agree much harder to read…
And if we go to the opposite extreme and do what Data Services does and upper case everything things go from bad to shocking! Practically unreadable at speed as we don’t work in upper case really.
So, the question is how do I make Data Services behave and give me the tables EXACTLY as I define them? Well, the answer is very simple. WE can make one configuration change and normal service is resumed. We start by locating the DSConfig.txt file which is located within the Data Services/conf folder. On my machine this was within this directory:-
C:\Program Files (x86)\SAPBusinessObjects\DataServices\conf
We then open this file up and look for the [AL_Engine] Section heading which will look like this:-
You then need to add a new setting called ODBCAlwaysCaseSensitive and give this a value of ‘TRUE’
Your file should now look a little like this:-
ODBCAlwaysCaseSensitive = TRUE
And that’s it as far as changes are concerned. We just save the changes before stopping and restarting the SAP Data Services windows service available from the Windows Services Manager dialog. Lo and behold, you’re all done. What you should now find is that upon running your data transformations any template tables that you have defined will now upon closer examination within SQL Server have been created using the casing you specified at design time. I don’t know about you but for me, this will now be the first thing I change in any new data service installations….